Scientific Publications

My OSF archive of open data sets, code and publications is here:
My citations profile on Google Scholar is here.

Preprints of submitted papers

Pappa, E., Peters, E., & Bell, V. (2019, April 9). Insight-related beliefs and controllability appraisals contribute little to hallucinated voice networks in psychosis. doi: 10.31234/[pdf][open data and code]

Greenburgh, A., Bell, V., & Raihani, N. (2018, May 15). Paranoia and conspiracy: group cohesion increases harmful intent attribution in the Trust Game. doi: 10.17605/OSF.IO/MGZJR[pdf][pre-registration, open data, code and materials]

Accepted / published

Barnby, J. M., Bell, V., Sheridan-Rains, L., Mehta, M., & Deeley, Q. (2018, November 8). Beliefs are multidimensional and vary in stability over time – psychometric properties of the Beliefs and Values Inventory (BVI). doi: 10.7717/peerj.6819[pdf][open data, code and materials]

Currell, E. A., Werbeloff, N., Hayes, J., & Bell, V. (2019). Cognitive neuropsychiatric analysis of an additional large Capgras delusion case series. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 24, 123-134. doi: 10.1080/13546805.2019.1584098[pdf]

Tamayo-Agudelo, W., Jaén-Moreno, M. J., León-Campos, M. O., Holguín-Lew, J., Luque-Luque, R., & Bell, V. (2019). Validation of the Spanish-language Cardiff Anomalous Perception Scale (CAPS). PLOS ONE, 14(3): e021342. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0213425[pdf][open data, code and materials]

Raihani, N. & Bell, V. (2019). An evolutionary perspective on paranoia. Nature Human Behaviour, 3, 114–121. doi: 10.1038/s41562-018-0495-0[pdf]

Kelly, R., Shoulder, C. & Bell, V. (in press) Assessment in Psychosis. In J.C. Badcock and G. Paulik (eds) A Clinical Introduction to Psychosis: Foundations for Clinical and Neuropsychologists. [contact me]

David, A. S., & Bell, V. (2019). Peter Halligan: an appreciation. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 24, 1-3. doi: 10.1080/13546805.2019.1562580

Luhrmann, T.M., Alderson-Day, B., Bell, V., Bless, J.J, Corlett, P., Hugdahl, K., Jones, N., Larøi, F., Moseley, P., Padmavati, R., Peters, E.P., Powers, A. & Waters, F. (2019) Beyond trauma: A multiple pathways approach to auditory hallucinations in clinical and nonclinical populations. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 45 (Suppl) S24-S31. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sby110[pdf]

Tamayo-Agudelo, W., & Bell, V. (2018). Armed conflict and mental health in Colombia. BJPsych International. [Epub ahead of print] doi: 10.1192/bji.2018.4[pdf]

Saalfeld, V., Ramadan, Z., Bell, V., & Raihani, N. (2018). Experimentally-Induced Social Threat Increases Paranoid Thinking. Royal Society Open Science, 5, 180569. doi: 10.1098/rsos.180569[pdf][pre-registration, open data, code and materials]

Wade, D., Als, N., Bell, V., Brewin, C., D’Antoni, D., Harrison, H., Harvey, M., Harvey, S., Howell, D., Mouncey, P., Mythen, M., Richards-Belle, A., Smyth, D., Weinman, J., Welch, J., Whitman, C. & Rowan, K. (2018) Providing psychological support to people in critical care: development and feasibility study of a nurse-led intervention to prevent acute stress and long-term morbidity. BMJ Open, 8, e021083. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021083[pdf]

Bell, V., & O’Driscoll, C. (2018). The Network Structure of Paranoia in the General Population. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 53, 737–744. doi: 10.1007/s00127-018-1487-0[pdf][open data and code]

Stangeland, H., Orgeta, V., & Bell, V. (2018). Poststroke psychosis: a systematic review. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 89, 879–885. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2017-317327[pdf][pre-registration, open data and code]

Raihani, N.J. & Bell, V. (2018) Conflict and Cooperation in Paranoia: A Large-Scale Behavioural Experiment. Psychological Medicine, 48, 1523-1531. doi: 10.1017/S0033291717003075[full text link][pdf][pre-registration, open data and code]

Bell, V., Marshall, C., Kanji, Z., Wilkinson, S., Halligan, P., & Deeley, Q. (2017). Uncovering Capgras Delusion Using A Large Scale Medical Records Database. BJPsych Open, 3 (4) 179-185. doi: 10.1192/bjpo.bp.117.005041[full text link][pdf]

Raihani, N.J. & Bell, V. (2017) Paranoia and the Social Representation of Others: a Large-Scale Game Theory Approach. Scientific Reports, 7, 4544. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-04805-3[pdf][open data and code]

Bell, V., Mills, K.M., Modinos, G. & Wilkinson, S. (2017) Rethinking Social Cognition in Light of Psychosis: Reciprocal Implications for Cognition and Psychopathology. Clinical Psychological Science, 5, 537–550. doi: 10.1177/2167702616677079[full text link][pdf]

Bell, V., Mills, K.M., Modinos, G. & Wilkinson, S. (2017) Phenomenology and Social Agent Representation in Psychosis: A Welcome Integration. Clinical Psychological Science [Epub ahead of print] doi: 10.1177/2167702617709559[pdf]

Bell, V. (2017) Open science in mental health research. Lancet Psychiatry, 4, 525–526. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(17)30244-4[pdf]

Barnby, J., & Bell, V. (2017). The Sensed Presence Questionnaire (SenPQ): initial psychometric validation of a measure of the “Sensed Presence” experience. PeerJ, 5:e3149. – doi: 10.7717/peerj.3149[pdf][open data, analysis, scale]

Wilkinson, S. & Bell, V. (2016) The Representation of Agents in Auditory Verbal Hallucinations. Mind & Language, 31, 104–126. doi:10.1111/mila.12096[full text link]pdf

Tamayo-Agudelo, W.F., Zambrano-Cruz, R., Bell, V. & Holguín-Lew, J.C. (2016) El continuo de la psicosis: evidencia psicométrica. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 21 (3), 209-218. [full text][pdf]

Humpston, C.S., Walsh, E., Oakley, D.A., Mehta, M.A., Bell, V., Deeley, Q. (2016) The relationship between different types of dissociation and psychosis-like experiences in a non-clinical sample. Consciousness and Cognition, 41, 83-92. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2016.02.009[pdf]

Wilson, C.E, Murphy, C.M, McAlonan, G., Robertson, D.M., Spain, D., Hayward, H., Woodhouse, E., Deeley, P.Q., Gillan, N., Ohlsen, J.C., Zinkstok, J., Stoencheva, V., Faulkner, J., Yildiran, H., Bell, V., Hammond, N., Craig, M.C., Murphy, D.G. (2016) Does sex influence the diagnostic evaluation of autism spectrum disorder in adults? Autism, 20(7), 808–819. doi: 10.1177/1362361315611381[pdf]

Bell, V., Bishop D.V.M. & Przybylski, A.K. (2015) The debate over digital technology and young people. BMJ, 351, h3064. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h3064

Bell, V. & Halligan, P.W. (2015) Schizotypy and Impaired Basic Face Recognition? Another nonconfirmatory study. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 9, 512-5. doi: 10.1111/eip.12181[contact me]

Bell, V. & Peters, E. (2015) Delusions. In F. Waters and M. Stephane (eds) The Assessment Of Psychosis. London: Routledge [contact me]

Larøi, F, Raballo, A. & Bell, V. (2015) Psychosis-like experiences in non-clinical populations. In F. Waters and M. Stephane (eds) The Assessment Of Psychosis. London: Routledge [contact me]

Hayes, J. & Bell, V. (2014) Diagnosis: a useful tool among many. Lancet Psychiatry, 1(6), 412–413. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(14)70399-2[pdf]

Larøi, F., Luhrmann, T., Bell, V., Christian, W.A., Desphande, S., Fernyhough, C., Jenkins, J. & Woods, A. (2014) Culture and hallucinations: overview and future directions. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 40 (Suppl 4): S213-S220. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbu012[full text link]pdf

Woods, A., Jones, J., Bernini, M., Callard, F., Alderson-Day, B., Badcock, J.C., Bell, V., Cook, C., Thomas, C., Humpston, C., Krueger, J., Larøi, F., McCarthy-Jones, S., Moseley, P., Powell, H., Raballo, A., Smailes, D., Fernyhough, C. (2014) Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Phenomenology of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 40 (Suppl 4): S246-S254. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbu003[full text link][pdf]

Bell, V. (2014) Cultures of chemically-induced hallucinations. The Psychologist, 29 (9), 666-669. [full text link][pdf]

Deeley, Q., Oakley, D.A., Walsh, E., Bell, V., Mehta, M.A., Halligan, P.W. (2014) Modelling psychiatric and cultural possession phenomena with suggestion and fMRI. Cortex, 53, 107-19. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2014.01.004[pdf]

Jaén Moreno, M., Moreno Díaz, M., Luque Luque, R., Bell, V. (2014) Validación de la versión española de la Escala de Percepciones Anómalas de Cardiff en población general [Validation of the Spanish version of the Cardiff Anomalous Perceptions Scale in the general population] Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría, 42, 1-8. [full text pdf link][pdf]

Bell, V. (2013) A Community of One: Social Cognition and Auditory Verbal Hallucinations. PLOS Biology 11 (12), e1001723. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001723[full text link][pdf]

Deeley, Q., Walsh, E., Oakley, D.A., Bell, V., Koppel, C., Mehta, M.A., Halligan, P.W. (2013) Using hypnotic suggestion to model loss of control and awareness of movements: an exploratory fMRI study. PLOS One, 8 (10), e78324. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078324[full text link][pdf]

Deeley, Q., Oakley, D.A., Toone, B., Bell, V., Walsh, E., Marquand, A.F., Giampietro, V., Brammer, M.J., Williams, S.C.R., Mehta, M.A., Halligan, P.W. (2013) The Functional Anatomy of Suggested Limb Paralysis. Cortex, 49 (2), 411-422. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.09.016[pdf]

Barrera, M., Calderón, L. & Bell, V. (2013) The cognitive impact of sexual abuse and PTSD in children: a neuropsychological study. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 22 (6), 625-638. doi: 10.1080/10538712.2013.811141[pdf]

Holguín-Lew, J.C. & Bell, V. (2013) “When I Want to Cry I Can’t”: Inability to Cry Following SSRI Treatment. Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría, 42 (4), 304-310. doi: 10.1016/S0034-7450(13)70026-X[pdf]

Bell, V., Méndez, F., Martínez, C., Palma, P.P. & Bosch, M. (2012) Characteristics of the Colombian Armed Conflict and the Mental Health of Civilians Living in Active Conflict Zones. Conflict and Health, 6, 10. doi: 10.1186/1752-1505-6-10[full text link][pdf]

Stafford, T. & Bell, V. (2012) Brain network: social media and the cognitive scientist. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16 (10), 489-490. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2012.08.001[pdf]

Oakley, D.A., Deeley, Q., Bell, V. & Halligan, P.W. (2012) Imaging hysterical, hypnotically suggested and malingered limb paralysis. In M. Hallett, C.R. Cloninger, S. Fahn, P. Halligan, J. Jankovic, A.E. Lang & V. Voon (eds) Psychogenic Movement Disorders and Other Conversion Disorders. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [contact me]

Bell, V. & Halligan, P.W. (2012) The Neural Basis of Abnormal Personal Belief. In F. Kruger and J. Grafman (eds) The Neural Basis of Human Belief Systems. Hove: Psychology Press. [pdf]

Wicks, P. & Bell, V. (2012) Letter to the Editor: Quality of mental health information on Wikipedia. Psychological Medicine, 42, 891. doi: 10.1017/S003329171100287X[pdf]

Bell, V., Halligan, P.W., Pugh, K., Freeman, D. (2011) Correlates of perceptual distortions in clinical and non-clinical populations using the Cardiff Anomalous Perceptions Scale (CAPS): Associations with anxiety and depression and a re-validation using a representative population sample. Psychiatry Research, 189 (3), 451-457. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2011.05.025[pdf]

Bell, V. (2011) Levels of (un)consciousness. Neuropsychoanalysis, 13, 32-34. doi: 10.1080/15294145.2011.10773655[pdf]

Bell, V., Oakley, D.A., Halligan, P.W. & Deeley, Q. (2011) Dissociation in hysteria and hypnosis: evidence from cognitive neuroscience. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 82, 332-339. doi: 10.1136/jnnp.2009.199158[full text link][pdf]

Lopera-Vasquez, J., Bell, V. & López-Jaramillo, C. (2011) ¿Cuál es la contribución de la disfunción ejecutiva al perfil cognitivo del trastorno bipolar? Un estudio comparativo bien controlado [What is the Contribution of Executive Dysfunction to the Cognitive Profile of Bipolar Disorder? A Well-Controlled Direct Comparison Study]. Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría, 40 (Suppl), 64S–75S. doi:10.1016/S0034-7450(14)60194-3.

Bell, V. (2011) Book Review: The Neuropsychology of Mental Illness. British Journal of Psychiatry, 198, 78-79. [pdf]

Bell, V. (2010) Research Notes: San Lázaro Psychiatric Hospital, ‘El Hospicio de Quito’, Ecuador. History of Psychology, 13 (4), 437-439. doi: 10.1037/a0021637b[pdf]

Bell, V. (2010) Book Review: Delusion and Self-Deception: Affective and Motivational Influences on Belief Formation. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 15 (6), 574-576. [pdf]

Bell, V., Raballo, A. & Larøi, F. (2010) Assessment of Hallucinations. In F. Larøi and A. Aleman (eds) Hallucinations: A Practical Guide to Treatment and Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [pdf]

López-Jaramillo, C., Lopera-Vásquez, J., Gallo, A., Ospina-Duque, J., Bell, V., Torrent, C., Martinez-Aran, A. & Vieta, E. (2010) Effects of recurrence on the cognitive performance of patients with Bipolar I disorder: implications for relapse prevention and treatment adherence. Bipolar Disorders, 12 (5), 557–567. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-5618.2010.00835.x[pdf]

Bell, V. & Halligan, P.W. (2010) Additional data on whether vividness of visual mental imagery is linked to schizotypal traits in a non-clinical population. Psychiatry Research, 178(3), 568-9. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2009.05.003[pdf]

Bell, V. (2010) The Internet and Clinical Neuropsychology: Privacy, Personal Safety and Effective Internet Use. In J. Gurd, U. Kischka, J. Marshall (eds) Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology (2nd ed) Oxford: Oxford University Press. [pdf]

Bell, V. (2010) An Alternative Interpretation of ‘The Psychotomimetic Effects of Short-Term Sensory Deprivation’. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 198 (2), 166. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181cc0ba7[pdf]

Bell, V. & Halligan, P.W. (2009) Cognitive Neurology. In G.G. Berntson and J.T. Cacioppo (eds) Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences: Volume Two. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Ltd. [pdf]

Bell V. (2009) Taking an internet history. British Journal of Psychiatry, 194, 561-2. Letter to the editor. [pdf]

Grueter, T., Grueter, M., Bell, V. & Carbon, C. (2009) Visual mental imagery in congenital prosopagnosia. Neuroscience Letters, 453 (3), 135-140. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2009.02.021[pdf]

Raballo, A., Larøi, F. & Bell, V. (2009) Humanizing the Clinical Gaze: Movies and the Empathic Understanding of Psychosis. Family Medicine, 41 (6), 387-388. Letter to the editor. [pdf]

Rees, J., McKenna, P., Bell, V., Skucek, E., Nichols, E. & Fisher, P. (2008) The Rookwood Driving Battery: normative older adult performance. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 47 (2), 139-151. doi: 10.1348/014466507X236042[pdf]

Bell, V., Halligan, P.W. & Ellis, H.D. (2008) Are anomalous perceptual experiences necessary for delusions? Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196 (1), 3-8. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31815f6619NB: Publisher’s erratum in Volume 196(3), March 2008, p 262. Full correct version here: [pdf]

Bell, V. (2007) Online information, extreme communities and internet therapy: Is the internet good for our mental health? Journal of Mental Health, 16 (4), 445-457. doi: 10.1080/09638230701482378[pdf]

Grueter, M., Grueter, T., Bell, V., Horst, J., Laskowski, W., Sperling, K., Halligan, P.W., Ellis, H.D. & Kennerknecht, I. (2007) Hereditary prosopagnosia: The first case series. Cortex, 43, 734-749. doi:10.1016/S0010-9452(08)70502-1[pdf]

Bell, V., Reddy, V., Halligan, P.W., Kirov, G., Ellis, H.D. (2007) Relative suppression of magical thinking: A transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Cortex, 43, 551-557. doi: 10.1016/S0010-9452(08)70249-1[pdf]

Bell, V., Halligan, P.W. & Ellis, H.D. (2007) The Psychosis Continuum and the Cardiff Anomalous Perceptions Scale (CAPS): Are There Multiple Factors Underlying Anomalous Experience? European Psychiatry, 22, Suppl 1, S47. Published abstract. [pdf]

McKenna, P., Bell, V. (2007) Fitness to drive following cerebral pathology: The Rookwood Driving Battery as a tool for predicting on-road driving performance. Journal of Neuropsychology, 1, 85-100. 10.1348/174866407X180837[pdf]

Bell, V., Halligan, P.W. & Ellis, H.D. (2006) Diagnosing delusions: A review of inter-rater reliability. Schizophrenia Research, 86 (1-3), 76-9. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2006.06.025[pdf]

Bell, V. (2006) Through A Scanner Darkly: Neuropsychology and psychosis in Philip K. Dick’s novel “A Scanner Darkly”. The Psychologist, 19 (8), 488-489. [full text link] – [pdf]

Bell, V., Halligan, P.W. & Ellis, H.D. (2006) Explaining delusions: A cognitive perspective. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10 (5), 219-226. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2006.03.004[pdf]

Bell, V., Halligan, P.W. & Ellis, H.D. (2006) The Cardiff Anomalous Perceptions Scale (CAPS): A new validated measure of anomalous perceptual experience. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 32 (2), 366-77. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbj014[full text link][pdf][download scale].

Bell, V., Halligan, P.W. & Ellis, H.D. (2006) A Cognitive Neuroscience of Belief. In P.W. Halligan & M. Aylward (eds) The Power of Belief: Psychosocial Influences on Illness, Disability and Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [pdf]

Bell, V., Maiden, C., Muñoz-Solomando, A. & Reddy, V. (2006) “Mind control experiences” on the internet: Implications for the psychiatric diagnosis of delusions. Psychopathology, 39, 87-91. doi: 10.1159/000090598[pdf]

McKenna, P., Rees, J., Skucek, E., Nichols, E., Fisher, P., Bayer, T. & Bell, V. (2005) The Rookwood Driving Battery and the older adult. In Traffic and Transport Psychology. London: Elsevier. [contact me]

Bell, V., Grech, E., Maiden, C., Halligan, P.W. & Ellis, H.D. (2005) “Internet delusions”: A case series and theoretical integration. Psychopathology, 38, 144-150. doi: 10.1159/000085845[pdf]

Bell, V., Lloyd-Wright, Z, Møller, J., Hvas, A., Nexø, E., Sanders, T.A.B. (2005) Cognitive performance in vitamin B12 deficient vegan men with intermediate hyperhomocysteinaemia. Haematologica Reports, 1 (3), 4. Published abstract. [pdf]

Bell, V. (2004) Book review: From the Edge of the Couch: Bizarre psychiatric cases and what they teach us about ourselves by R. Persaud. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 9, 315-318. [pdf]

Bell, V. (2004) Mind control experiences on the internet and the psychiatric diagnosis of delusions. Proceedings of the British Psychological Society, 12 (2), 162. Published abstract. [pdf]

Bell, V. & Halligan, P. (2004) Book review: Neuropsychological Interventions: Clinical Research and Practice, edited by Paul J. Eslinger. Brain, 127 (1), 237-238. [pdf]

Bell, V., Ellis, H. & Halligan, P. (2003) Neuropsychology, delusions and modularity: The curious problem of belief. Proceedings of the British Psychological Society, 11 (2), 174. Published abstract. [pdf]

Bell, V., (2003) Book review: Imagination and its Pathologies. Edited by J. Phillips and J.Morley. Human Nature Review, 3, 363-365. [full text pdf link][pdf]

Bell, V., Halligan, P.W. & Ellis, H. (2003) Beliefs about delusions. The Psychologist, 16(8), 418-423. [full text link][pdf]

Bell, V. (2003) The internet and clinical neuropsychology. In P. Halligan, U. Kischka and J.C. Marshall (eds) Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [pdf]

Bell, V. (2002) Book review: Pathologies of Belief by M. Coltheart & M. Davies. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 7 (4), 329-333. [pdf]

Bell, V. & Ward, J. (2001, July) Does semantic and episodic memory make equal contributions to learning in memory impaired patients? Poster session presented at International Conference on Memory 3, Valencia, Spain.